The musculoskeletal system is comprised of joints, bones, muscles, tendons, and ligaments. Orthopedic surgery includes any number of invasive medical procedures used to treat injuries, disorders, and conditions of the musculoskeletal system. When other, non-invasive treatments such as pain management and physical therapy fail to provide relief from pain, injury or illness that affects the musculoskeletal system, an orthopedic surgery can provide relief by correcting or repairing the damage caused by trauma, accidents, illness and injury.
Orthopedic surgeons are medical professionals who are educated and highly trained to diagnose and treat concerns of the musculoskeletal system. While some are generalists, others specialize and focus their efforts and expertise on specific conditions or areas of the body, for example, the knee, hip or shoulder. Conditions they treat range the gamut of medical conditions, illness, and injury and include arthritis, tumors, dislocations, deformities, and osteoporosis. Still, others focus on urgent and/or emergency care, treating fractures and trauma. Subspecialties include pediatric, rehabilitative, oncology, and reconstructive surgery.
A minimally invasive form of joint replacement surgery, arthroscopy permits orthopedic surgeons to get an intimate view of the damaged area that allows them to more easily diagnose and treat problems inside the joint. Nearly all arthroscopic procedures are conducted as out-patient surgery. Before arthroscopic technology, orthopedic surgeons had little option but to make large incisions to allow a full view of the joint and surrounding areas. However, arthroscopy relies on smaller incisions and permits a small scope to be inserted to assess the damage. Benefits of these new techniques and technologies far outweigh more invasive surgical techniques, to include reduced hospital stays, faster recovery times, less scarring and risk of infection and minimal blood loss.
Joint replacement surgery – arthroplasty – is a minimally invasive surgical procedure whereby a damaged or degenerated joint is replaced by an artificial joint. These procedures are used to restore function and relieve pain and are commonly performed when the joint has become too arthritic or unable to benefit from less invasive, more conservative medical techniques. Arthroplasty may also be performed on other joints, to include the shoulder, elbow, spine, finger, and ankle. And, because artificial joints are made of more lightweight, durable and efficient materials, the long-term prognosis of these procedures is very positive.
Orthopedic Care in Little Rock
When it comes to treating orthopedic pain, surgery in most cases is considered a last resort. In Little Rock, Dr. William F. Hefley, Jr., will use more conservative means such as ultrasound-guided injections and regenerative medicine before recommending surgery. Should surgery be necessary, Dr. Hefley is renown for his expertise treating a variety of conditions that affect your ability to move freely and without pain. When it comes to your health, why wait? Call Dr. Hefley today at (800) 336-2412 or schedule an appointment online.